maandag, februari 09, 2009

Waarom ad orientem in de parochie?

De pastoor van de H. Hart-kerk, fr. Hankiewicz (gewijd in 1979) in Grand Rapids, Michigan (USA) verhaalt in het 'parochieblad' waarom hij begonnen is 'ad orientem' te vieren. Gelezen hier

"Last month, on the 15th of January, I celebrated a weekday Mass a bit differently. The appropriate word for what I did is described by the Latin term ad orientem. That means “towards the east”. Or some would say, “the priest turning his back to the people”. Why am I doing this?
To celebrate the current Mass properly, the Liturgy of the Word is done with the priest at the chair. He only comes to,the Altar for the preparation of the Gifts and then the Eucharistic Prayer. After Communion he normally goes back to the chair for the concluding rites. So the time at the altar is not that long.
I was ordained in 1979, so I always celebrated the Mass in this manner. But to be very honest with you, I’ve never understood why. What was there to see? It takes Faith, belief that bread and wine become the Body and Blood of Christ.
Our human eyes cannot see that happen – only our hearts & souls do. So again, what is there to “see”?
Unfortunately, what has happened to the Mass – which has been a topic of some objections to the reforms that began in 1964 – is that at times, the Mass has become a human-priest centered event. But the human-priest is a physical stand-in for the true priest of the Mass, Jesus Christ the Eternal High Priest. The Mass is HIS; He leads us all to the Father in worship, in the Eucharistic Sacrifice. The idea is for the human-priest AND the rest of the worshiping community to stand in the same direction “following Jesus” to the Father. Picture Moses leading the Hebrews to the Promised Land.
“Ad orientem”, literally “facing the East”, comes from the Book of Ezekiel in which the People of God await the coming of the Lord FROM THE EAST (43:2). And St. Matthew declared the return of the Lord Jesus: “As the lightening from the east flashes to the west, so will the coming of the Son of Man be” (24:27).
Churches used to be built purposely facing the direction of the coming of the Lord – the East. The point of all this is not that we have to all face the East – although that would seem to be the most desirable direction – but that the priest and
people are on a spiritual journey together. The priest is not an entertainer that he has to face an audience, unless he is
specifically talking to them: when he says “The Lord be with you”, reading the Scriptures, or giving a homily or some other liturgical instruction. Otherwise, the priest is NOT TALKING TO OR LOOKING AT THE PEOPLE. The prayers of the Mass
for the most part are addressed to God the Father, not the people.
It has taken me some time to come to an understanding, that “facing the people” as if I were doing a cooking show on TV seemed to go against what the Mass was all about. Looking at the congregation as I pray and talk to God just didn’t make sense.
The fact is however, that that’s the way Mass has been celebrated for nearly 40 years now and little old Edie Hankiewicz is not about to change things. But then something else has happened, Pope Benedict, from time to time, celebrates Mass “ad orientem”! What I believe he has been trying to do, among other changes he’s made in celebrating Mass (like insisting people kneel for Communion and receive only on the tongue) is the fulfillment of a lot he was written about Roman Catholic Liturgy for many, many years.
I believe I’ve made this change (once a month) for good, spiritual reasons, not whim or simply to be different. I will continue to do so, with advance notice, (with the Latin words, ad orientem” next to the Mass time) so if anyone doesn’t like this idea, one can go to another Mass in the area. That will be the case this coming Thursday, 12 FEB at the 7:30am Mass."
Father Hankiewicz

1 opmerking:

Jeremy Priest zei

Nice explanation, Father. Know that what you are doing is appreciated by a great number of people.

I was just reading Pope Benedict's "Jesus of Nazareth" yesterday and came accross a wonderful passage where he speaks of praying the Pater Noster and joining our I with the I of Jesus as the only means of praying "Our" Father. In this way we must face WITH Him as we pray to the Father. The ad orietem position reflects this truth so well.

Obviously Pope Benedict and so many others have written about these things in many places, but reformulating it as you have done here is a great service. Keep up the good work!